As we age, wrinkles form in our skin. Wrinkles are also sometimes known as rhytid.
There are many factors in how and why we form wrinkles in the skin, but as we age, wrinkles unavoidably form.
Skin consists of three basic layers: epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous fat. Each layer plays a role in the formation of wrinkles.
The epidermis is the outer layer, and this is also the layer that contains melanin, which is what gives our skin colour. The epidermis is thicker in some parts of the body such as the soles on our feet, and thinner in other areas, such as our eyelids.
The dermis is the layer under the epidermis. This is the layer that produces oil, sweat and contains hair follicles. The dermis is supplied with blood from the body through capillaries and it makes sure that the epidermis receives nutrients. It alsos has the capacity to remove toxins from the epidermis through sending it into the body for metabolism.
The subcutaneous fat is the inner layer of the skin. It provides connectivity from the muscles and bones to the dermis. It assists in maintaining body homeostasis and a constant temperature, and it also protects us against bumps through a shock absorbing ability.
Although wrinkles are only visible at the epidermis level, all three layers work together to maintain a healthy looking skin.
Some of the key factors in wrinkles are:
So there are a number of things you can do to avoid wrinkles. Some of them are: avoid long sun exposure, eat lots of greens, moisturise, reducing stress, avoid smoking, avoid using skin products that sting or burn, and get a reasonable amount of exercise.
There are also treatments available. These should always be discussed with your Doctor, Aesthetics Practitioner or Dermatologist. Treatments include peels, laser treatments, microdermabrasion, creams, and derma-fillers.